Streamside Forest Native Plant List

Native Plant Species

The following list of recommended native plant species for streamside forests in the mountains of North Carolina is provided by NC Cooperative Extension

Trees

  • Yellow Buckeye (Aesculus octandra)
  • Cherry Birch (Betula lenta)
  • River Birch (Betula nigra)
  • Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis)
  • Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata)
  • Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
  • Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  • Silverbell (Halesia caroliniana)
  • Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  • Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)
  • Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
  • Black Willow (Salix nigra)
  • White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla)

Small Trees / Shrubs

  • Tag Alder (Alnus serrulata)
  • Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)
  • Red Chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia)
  • Common Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
  • Sweet-shrub (Calycanthus fliridus)
  • Ironwood (Carpinus caroliniana)
  • Alternate Leaf Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)
  • Silky Dogwood (Cornus amomum)
  • Hazelnut (Corylus americana)
  • Witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
  • Winter Berry (Ilex verticillata)
  • Doghobble (Leucothoe axillaris)
  • Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
  • Male-berry (Lyonia ligustrina)
  • Umbrella Tree (Magnolia tripetala)
  • Ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius)
  • Wild Azalea (Rhododendron periclymenoides)
  • Swamp Azalea (Rhododendron viscosum)
  • Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris)
  • Silky Willow (Salix sericea)
  • Meadowsweet (Spirea latifolia)
  • Sweet Leaf (Symplocos tinctoria)
  • Withe-rod (Viburnum cassinoides)
  • Yellow-root (Xanthorhiza simplicissima)

Herbaceous

  • Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)
  • Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
  • Fringed Sedge (Carex crinita)
  • Bladder Sedge (Carex intumescens)
  • Hop Sedge (Carex lupulina)
  • Lurid Sedge (Carex lurida)
  • Broom Sedge (Carex scoparia)
  • Tussock Sedge (Carex stricta)
  • Fox Sedge (Carex vulpinoidea)
  • Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
  • Umbrella Sedge (Cyperus strigosus)
  • Bottlebrush Grass (Elymus hystrix)
  • Joe-pye-weed (Eupatorium fistulosum)
  • Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)
  • Jewel-weed (Impatiens capensis)
  • Soft Rush (Juncus effusus)
  • Rice Cutgrass (Leersia oryzoides)
  • Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
  • Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)
  • Bushy Seedbox (Ludwigia alternifolia)
  • Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)
  • Tearthumb (Polygonum sagittatum)
  • Green Bulrush (Scirpus atrovirens)
  • Woolgrass (Scirpus cypernius)
  • Soft Stem Bulrash (Scirpus validus)
  • Bur-reed (Sparganium americanum)
  • Marsh Fern (Thelypteris palustris)
  • River Oats (Chasmanthium latifolia)
  • Ironweed (Vernonia noveboracensis)

Information courtesy of: